Research Group:                                                                                                                                                                                                                    History and Dynamics of the Vegetal Landscape

All the staff working in the Botany Research Cluster is part of the Research Group named "History and Dynamics of the Vegetal Landscape"  This group is composed of five important lines of investigation:

Palaeobotany and Historical Biogeography

Fossil cone The need for scientific basis in a better interpretation and understanding of the Iberian vegetal landscape is one of the main objectives that are focused in the research activity of our group. Palaecological records provide one of the main valuable sources of data on the dynamics of the vegetal systems. Our work focuses on the information provided by vegetal fossil macroremains (woods, leaves, charcoal, strobili).

The processes that explain the current distribution of the plants are analysed, in a wide  spatial and temporal framework, from old geological periods (Mesozoic, Tertiary) to the recent ones (Pleistocene, Holocene)

Wood Anatomy and Anthracology

Pinus anatomyThe studies on wood anatomy provide helpful data that can be eventually applied on other scientific fields.  Under this line of research, studies on taxonomy (identification), archaeology (studying charcoal on human settlements) or dendrogeomorphology (tree-ring response to geomorphic events) are accomplished.

Palaeoclimatology and Dendroecology

DendroThe study of fossil remains of plants provides data that allow us to obtain detailed insights into environmental changes into the past. Macroremains of diverse origin are used as a tool for palaeoclimatic interpretation. Cuticular studies of rests of leaves of Quercus gr. deciduous are studied to obtain past atmospheric CO2 mixing ratios for the Holocene. 

Growth rings can also contribute useful data from any of the scientific fields that are related to. Dendrometric records assess diverse environmental conditions, from palaeoecological environments to chronological questions. Fossil and recent wood cores are used as tools for climatic and environmental interpretation.

Iberian Flora and Applied Botany

Different ecosystems are studied under this line of research, focusing on protected environments and its conservation. It is also maintained a Herbarium of approximately 40.000 sheets. The study of the Iberian flora compatible with power lines has been also accomplished, in order to optimize the revegetation and maintenance programs as well as the environmental conditions. 

Biodiversity and Vegetal Conservation

SenecioConservation of biodiversity is currently one of the research themes that are in the scientific limelight. Our works focus on vascular plants and try to  contribute to a better understanding of the terrestrial ecosystems, allowing to adopt useful elements for management and forest restoration.

Our team works in several themes related to the biology of conservation of plants, such as cartography of threatened flora, location and identification of populations of endangered species, demographic studies and population viability.

Jiménez, L.,  Martínez, F. & M.  Costa (2006): Estudio comparado de la diversidad florística en masas de origen natural y repoblado de Pinus sylvestris L. en la Sierra de Guadarrama (Sistema Central). Invest Agrar: Sist Recur For. Fuera de serie, 111-123 [Download pdf] pdf

Martínez, F., García Álvarez, S., Rubiales, J.M., García-Amorena, I. &  Guerrero, S.  (2007): Estado de conservación de Senecio coincyi Rouy. III Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Biología de la Coonservación de Plantas. Tenerife, 2007.

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