Juan Manuel Rubiales

J.M. Rubiales in Platskarni

Violeta Roch (2003-2006). Viole worked hardly during the first fieldweeks in the Sierra de Gredos to recover megafossils and tried alternatives to microtomy to identify woody remains (charcoalization and reflection microscopy). Additionally, Viole helped to provide guidelines to identify Pinus sylvestris, P. nigra and P. uncinata  in the basis of their wood anatomy. See Rubiales et al. 2009

Laura Hernández (2005-2009), Laura studied the charred remains obtained from the Vaccaean site of Pintia (Duero basin) and presented brilliantly this work in her master’s thesis. She identified a number of locally extinct taxa, demonstrated the native character of controversial species and showed that archaeological data can also help to address some important questions on the past human land management. See Rubiales et al. 2011, Hernández et al. 2011.

Elena Moreno (2008-2010). Co-supervised by Nacho García-Amorena, Elena worked with megafossils and cone remains of the burgalese paramo, in a palaeolake near Tubilla del Lago. Her results were part of an excellent  master’s thesis in which it was showed that Pinus nigra had, at the late-Holocene, a wider distribution than present towards the east. See García-Amorena et al., 2011.

Ignacio Cañas (2008-2010). While studying in the University of Valladolid, Nacho has done intense field work to find low-altitude sites with soil charred remains from the Tierra de Pinares, at the Duero basin. Lately, he has studied the leonese site of Pobladura de la Sierra (Sierra del Teleno), now surrounded by extensive shrublands. There, he has discovered arboreal presence dating from the Historical period. His MS Thesis was co-supervised by Juan Andrés Oria.

José C. Miranda (2009-2010), have had a grant to study charred remains from high altitude furnaces of still fairly unknown origin. These intriguing furnaces were discovered by foresters, that kindly communicated their findings to our teamwork. His research is still in progress, buy he can advance that highland pines seem to have been intensely selected as fuelwood during the historical period. This might have been the major cause of demise of these forests at the late-Holocene.

Elvira Pérez (2010-2012) has recently finished her work on the long-term history of the forests of Gredos. Her MS thesis (co-supervised with Nacho García-Amorena) deepen in the understanding of the late-Holocene demise of pines by the study of archaeological remains. She had the challenge of working with information from archaeologists, historical data and anthracological methods and to try to elucidate the origin of furnaces and the human impact derived from ancient land-use practices.

Esteban Collazos (2015-2016) contributed to create a flash flood record of the last century in a managed forest  in the Sierra de Guadarrama. He explored the interferences with other extreme climatic events and demonstrated that despite the occurrence of intense forest works, it is possible to obtain sound palaeohydrological record with tree-ring methods.

Recent publications

Ezquerra, F.J., Cañas, I.,  Oria-de-Rueda, J.A.,  Rubiales, J.M., 2019. Late-Holocene fossil evidence and the interpretation of the vegetation in NW Iberia: management issues in the light of palaeoecological findings. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany,28,1,35-50 doi  

Finsinger W, Schwörer C, Heiri O, Morales C, Ribolini A, Giesecke T., Haas, J, Kaltenrieder P, Magyari E, Ravazzi C, Rubiales JM., Tinner, W. 2019. Fire on ice and frozen trees? Inappropriate radiocarbon dating leads to unrealistic reconstructions, New Phytologist, 222, 657 doi

Leunda M, González‐Sampériz P, Gil‐Romera, G, Bartolomé, M, Belmonte‐Ribas, A, Gómez‐García D, Kaltenrieder P, Rubiales, JM, Schwörer C, Tinner W. 2019 Ice cave reveals environmental forcing of long‐term Pyrenean tree line dynamics. Journal of Ecology, 107, 814-828 doi

Bodoque J, Ballesteros, JA, Rubiales, JM., Stoffel, M., 2019. Laboratory and Field Protocol for Estimating Sheet Erosion Rates from Dendrogeomorphology.,Journal of visualized experiments: JoVE,143 doi

Bodoque, J. M., Ballesteros-Cánovas, J. A., Rubiales, J. M., Perucha, M. Á., Nadal-Romero, E., Stoffel, M. 2017. Quantifying Soil Erosion from Hiking Trail in a Protected Natural Area in the Spanish Pyrenees. Land Degradation & Development. doi

Moreno-Amat, E., Rubiales, J.M., Morales-Molino, C., García-Amorena, I. 2017. Incorporating plant fossil data into species distribution models is not straightforward: Pitfalls and possible solutions. Quaternary Science Reviews
170, pp. 56-68 doi

García Álvarez, S., Bal, M.C., Allée, P., García-Amorena, I., Rubiales, J.M. 2017. Holocene treeline history of a high-mountain landscape inferred from soil charcoal: The case of Sierra de Gredos (Iberian Central System, SW Europe). Quaternary International  doi  

Rubiales, J.M., Génova, M., 2015. Late Holocene pinewoods persistence in the Gredos Mountains (central Spain) inferred from extensive megafossil evidence. Quaternary Research. doi

Génova, M., Máyer, P., Ballesteros-Cánovas, J., Rubiales, J. M., Saz, M. A., & Díez-Herrero, A., 2015. Multidisciplinary study of flash floods in the Caldera de Taburiente National Park (Canary Islands, Spain). Catena, 131, 22-34.doi  

Ballesteros-Cánovas, J.A., Rodríguez-Morata, C., Garófano-Gómez,V., Rubiales, J.M., Sánchez-Salguero,R., Stoffel, M., 2015. Unravelling past flash flood activity in a forested mountain catchment of the Spanish Central System. Journal of Hidrology.  doi  

Sanjuán, Y., Gómez-Villar, A., Nadal-Romero, E., Álvarez-Martínez, J., Arnáez, J., Seerrano-Muela, M.P., Rubiales, J.M., González-Sampériz, P., García-Ruiz, J.M. 2015. Linking land cover changes in the sub-alpine and montane belts to changes in a torrential river. Land Degradation & Development. doi  

Other publications

Ballesteros-Cánovas, J.A. ,Bodoque, J.M., Lucía, A. ,  Martín-Duque, J.F.,  Díez-Herrero, A., Ruiz-Villanueva,V.,  Rubiales, J.M., Genova, M., 2013. Dendrogeomorphology in badlands: Methods, case studies and prospects. Catena 106, 113-122.  doi  

Carrión, J.S. et al.  2012. Paleoflora y Paleovegetación de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares: Plioceno-Cuaternario. Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Madrid.

Rubiales, J.M.*, Morales-Molino, C.*,  García Álvarez, S.,  García-Antón, M., 2012. Negative responses of highland pines to anthropogenic activities in inland Spain: a palaeoecological perspective. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 21, 397-412  doi   (* contributed equally) 

Rubiales, J.M., Ezquerra, J., Muñoz Sobrino, C., Génova, M., Gil, L., Ramil-Rego, P., Gómez Manzaneque, F., 2012. Holocene distribution of woody taxa at the westernmost limit of the circumboreal/mediterranean boundary: evidence from wood remains. Quaternary Science Reviews  33, 74-83. doi  

Rubiales J.M., Morla C., Gómez Manzaneque, F., García, S., García-Amorena, I., Génova, M., Martínez, F., Postigo, J.M., 2011. La historia holocena de los pinares montanos en la Cordillera Cantábrica, En: Ezquerra y van der Bercken (Eds), La evolución del paisaje vegetal y el uso del fuego en la Cordillera Cantábrica. Junta de Castilla y León, pp 109-123.

Bodoque, J.M., Lucía, A., Ballesteros, J.A., Martín Duque, J.M., Rubiales, J.M., Génova, M. 2011. Measuring medium-term sheet erosion in gullies from trees: A case study using dendrogeomorphological analysis of exposed pine roots in central Iberia. Geomorphology 134, 417–425. doi 

Hernández, L.,  Rubiales, J.M., Morales-Molino, C.,  Romero,F.,  Sanz, C., Gómez Manzaneque, F. 2011. Reconstructing forest history from archaeological data: A case study in the Duero basin assessing the origin of controversial forests and the loss of tree populationsof great biogeographical interest. Forest Ecology and Management 261,  1178-1187 doi  

Rubiales, J.M.*, Hernández, L.*,  Romero,F.,  Sanz, C. , 2011. The use of forest resources in central Iberia during the Late Iron Age. Insights from the wood charcoal analysis of Pintia, a Vaccaean oppidum.  Journal of Archaeological Science, 38, 1-10 doi (* contributed equally) 

García-Amorena, I., Rubiales, J.M. , Moreno, E. , Iglesias, R., Gómez Manzaneque, F., 2011. New macrofossil evidence of Pinus nigra Arnold on the Northern Iberian Meseta during the Holocene.  Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 163, 281–288 doi

Rubiales, J.M., García-Amorena, I., Hernández, L., Génova, M., Martínez, F., Gómez Manzaneque, F., Morla, C., 2010. Late Quaternary dynamics of pinewoods in the Iberian mountains. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology.162, 476–491. doi  

García, S., García Amorena, I., Rubiales, J.M., Morla, C. , 2009. The value of leaf cuticle characteristics in the identification and classification of  Iberian Mediterranean members of the genus Pinus. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161,436–448.  doi

Rubiales, J.M., García Amorena, I., García Álvarez, S., Morla, C., 2009. Anthracological evidence suggests naturalness of Pinus pinaster in inland southwestern Iberia. Plant Ecology, 200, 155-160.   Rubiales et al. 2008

Rubiales, J.M., García Amorena, I., García Álvarez, S., Gómez Manzaneque, F. 2008. The Late Holocene extinction of Pinus sylvestris in the West of the Cantabrian Range. Journal of Biogeography,35, 1840-1850.  Rubiales et al. 2008

García-Amorena, I., Morla, C., Rubiales, J.M., Gómez Manzaneque, F. 2008. Taxonomic composition of the Holocene forests of the northern coast of Spain, as determined from their macroremains. The Holocene, 18, 819-829 Garcia Amorena et al 2008

Rubiales, J.M., García-Amorena, I., Génova, M.,  Gómez Manzaneque, F. & C. Morla, 2007. The Holocene history of highland pine forests in a submediterranean mountain: the case of Gredos mountain range (Iberian Central range, Spain). Quaternary Science Reviews 26, 1759–1770.  Rubiales et al. 2007

García-Amorena, I., Gómez Manzaneque, F. , Rubiales, J.M., Granja, H.M., de Carvalho, G. Soares & Morla, C., 2007.  The Late Quaternary coastal forests of western Iberia; a study of their macroremains, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 254, 448–461.  Postigo et al. 2007

Rubiales, J.M., Ezquerra, F.J., Gómez Manzaneque, F., García Álvarez, S., García-Amorena, I., Morla, C. 2010. Cantabrian capercaillie through time: a further comment. Grouse News 40, 26-28.

Rubiales, J.M., Ezquerra, F.J., Gómez Manzaneque, F., García Álvarez, S., García-Amorena, I., Morla, C. 2009. The long-term evolution of the Cantabrian landscapes and its possible role in the cappercaillie drama. Grouse News 38, 9-11.

Rubiales, J.M., García Amorena, I., Roch, V., 2009. Las troncas como testimonios fósiles de los bosques de los últimos milenios. En: Génova et al (Eds) Los bosques de Gredos a través del tiempo. Junta de Castilla y León. Valladolid.  Postigo et al. 2007

Díez-Herrero, A.; Ballesteros, J.A.; Bodoque, J.M.; Eguíbar, M.A.; Fernández, J.A.; Génova, M.; Laín, L.; Llorente, M.; Rubiales, J.M.; Stoffel, M. (2007). Mejoras en la estimación de la frecuencia y magnitud de avenidas torrenciales mediante técnicas dendrogeomorfológicas. Boletín Geológico y Minero, 118 (4), 789-802.  Postigo et al. 2007

Alcalde, C., García-Amorena, I., García Álvarez, S., García Calvo, D., García García, R., Génova, M., Gil Borrell, P., Gómez Manzaneque, F., Maldonado, F.J., Morla, C., Del Nido, J., Postigo, J.M., Regato, P., Río, S., Roig, S., Rubiales, J.M. y Sánchez Hernando, L.J. 2006. Contribución de la Paleofitogeografía a la interpretación del paisaje vegetal ibérico: estado de conocimientos y nuevas perspectivas de investigación. Invest. Agrar.: Sist. Recur.For. Fuera de serie: 40-54. 

Bodoque, J.M. ; Díez-Herrero, A., Martín-Duque,  J.F., Rubiales, J.M.,   A. Godfrey, J. Pedraza, Carrasco R.M. Sanz M.A. 2005. Soil erosion rates determined by using dendrogeomorphological examinations of exposed tree roots: two examples from Central Spain. Catena 64: 81–102. 

Alcalde, C.; García-Amorena, I.; Gómez Manzaneque, F.; Maldonado, J.; Morla , C., Postigo, J.M.; Rubiales, J.M.; Sánchez Hernando, L.J. 2004. Nuevos datos de carbones y maderas fósiles de Pinus pinaster Aiton en el Holoceno de la Península Ibérica. Invest. Agrar.: Sist. Recur.For. 13 (3). 

Martínez, F., García, S., Rubiales, J.M., García Amorena, I., 2008. Senecio coincyi Rouy. En Bañares et al 2008. Atlas y Libro Rojo de la Flora Vascular Amenazada de España-  Adenda 2008. MMA-SEBCP [PDF]

Rubiales, J. M., Génova, M. , Gómez Manzaneque, F., Hernández, L., Morales, C., Postigo Mijarra, J. M. , Sadornil, E., García-Amorena, I., García, S., Morla, C. 2008. Holocene dynamics of pines in the western Iberian mountains.  Workshop on“Mid-Holocene Climate Change In The Mediterranean Region” Baeza, Spain. 29th September - 1st October. 2008

Bodoque, J.M., Rubiales, J.M., Ballesteros, J.A., Diez-Herrero, A. 2008. Evaluación de la erosión hídrica laminar mediante análisis dendrogeomorfológico de raíces expuestas. II Reunión Científica del Grupo de Trabajo de Hidrología Forestal. SECF. Madrid, 25 y 26 de septiembre de 2008.

Rubiales, J.M., Bodoque, J.M., Ballesteros, J.A., Díez, A.2008. Utilización de la dendrogeomorf../archivos/papers/Ballesteros_Canovas%20et%20al%20in%20press.pdfología como geoindicador para evaluar procesos de erosión. En: Benavente, J. y Gracia, F.J. (Eds), Trabajos de Geomorfología en España, 2006-2008, X Reunión Nacional de Geomorfología, SEG y Universidad de Cádiz, 133-136. ISBN: 84-473-6226-4 [PDF]

Génova, M., García-Calvo, D. , Maldonado, F.J. , Rubiales,  J.M. (2008). Tree rings and fire in an Iberian stand of Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii. Geophysical Research Abstracts 10, 08535 [PDF]

Díez-Herrero, A., Ballesteros, J. A., Llorente, M., Bodoque, J. M., Stoffel, M.,  Eguíbar, M.A., Fernández,  J.A., Génova,M. Laín, L. , Rubiales, J.M. (2008): Towards a classification of dendrogeomorphological evidences and their utility in flood hazard analysis. Geophysical Research Abstracts 10: 07837 [PDF]

Ballesteros, J. A., Stoffel, M., Bollschweiler, M., Hitz, O., Díez-Herrero, A., Bodoque, J. M., Llorente, M., Laín, L. , Rubiales, J.M. , Génova, M. Fernández,  J.A., Eguíbar, M.A. (2008): Wood anatomy of debris-flood scars in broadleaved tree species of central Spain. Geophysical Research Abstracts 10: 07741. [PDF

Génova, M., García-Amorena, I., Gómez, F.,  Rubiales, J.M., Morla, C. 2008. Cronologías milenarias de Pinus en la Sierra de Gredos. En Redondo et al. (eds) Avances en Biogeografía. Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia. Madrid. pp 143-146

Díez-Herrero, A., Ballesteros, J.A., Bodoque, J.M., Eguíbar, M.A.,
Fernández, J.A., Génova, M., Laín, L., Llorente, M., Rubiales, J.M.,
Stoffel, M. (2007). Mejoras en la estimación de la frecuencia y magnitud de
avenidas torrenciales mediante técnicas dendrogeomorfológicas. Boletín
Geológico y Minero, 118 (4), 789-802.

Martínez, F., García Álvarez, S., Rubiales, J.M., García-Amorena, I. &  Guerrero, S.  (2007): Estado de conservación de Senecio coincyi Rouy. III Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Biología de la Conservación de Plantas. Tenerife, 2007. 

Rubiales, J.M.; Bodoque, J.M.; Díez-Herrero, A.; Martín-Duque, J.F. 2007. First year of exposure determined by using dendrogeomorphological analysis of exposed tree roots. Geophysical Research Abstracts 9, 05566. [Download]

Bodoque, J.M.; Díez-Herrero, A.; Martín-Duque, J.F.; Rubiales, J.M. 2007. Sheet erosion rates determined by using dendrogeomorphological analysis of exposed tree roots. Geophysical Research Abstracts 9, 05548. [Download]

Diez-Herrero, A.; Moya, J.; Corominas, J.; Bodoque, J.M.; Muntan, E.; Gutiérrez, E., Oller, P.; Furdada, G.; Vilaplana, J.M. Martin-Duque, J.F.; Rubiales, J.M., Génova, M.; García, C.; Marti, G.; Ballesteros, J.A. 2007. Dendrogeomorphological studies for natural hazards research in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Andorra). Geophysical Research Abstracts 9, 07036. [Download]

García-Amorena, I; Gómez Manzaneque, F.; Morla, C.; Rubiales, J.M.; Granja, H.M.; Soares do Carvalho, G. 2006. Understanding present distribution on Western European Coasts. 7th European Palaeobotany-Palynology Conference. Praga (República Checa). 

Génova, M.; García-Amorena, I.; Gómez Manzaneque, F.; Rubiales, J.M. y Morla, C.;  2006. Cronologías milenarias de Pinus en la Sierra de Gredos. IV Congreso Español de Biogeografía. Ávila.

Gómez Manzaneque, F.; García-Amorena, I.; Génova, M.; Morla, C.; Rubiales, J.M.; García, R. y Franco, F. 2006. Pasado y presente de los pinares montanos de Gredos. IV Congreso Español de Biogeografía. Ávila.

Rubiales, J.M. 2005. Acerca de la presencia de Ulex parviflorus Pourret en el centro peninsular. Stvdia Botanica. 24: 77-79

García-Amorena I., Granja H. M., Pissarra J., Estela Silva R., Rubiales J. M. & Soares de Carvalho G. 2005. Late Quaternary Palaeoenvironmental Reconstruction in the Northwest coast of Portugal: an example of a Geo-Site archive exploration. IV International Symposium ProGeo on the conservation of the Geological Heritage. Braga, Portugal.

Rubiales, J.M.;  Gómez Manzaneque, F.; Bodoque, J.M. 2005. Los métodos dendrogeomorfológicos como herramientas de datación de procesos erosivos: aplicaciones a la estimación de tasas de erosión. IV Congreso Forestal Nacional, (Zaragoza 2005). Septiembre de 2005.

Rubiales, J.M.; Hernández, L.; Morla, C.; García-Amorena, I.; Sanz, C.; Alfaro, E. 2005. Nuevas aportaciones al conocimiento de los paisajes vegetales en el Holoceno de la cuenca del Duero. IV Congreso Forestal Nacional, (Zaragoza 2005). Septiembre de 2005.

Maldonado, F. J.; Roch, V.; Rubiales, J.M.; Morla, C. y García-Amorena, I. 2005. Caracterización y significación de los yacimientos paleobotánicos (paleoxilológicos) de la Sierra de ../archivos/papers/Ballesteros_Canovas%20et%20al%20in%20press.pdfGredos. IV Congreso Forestal Nacional, (Zaragoza 2005). Septiembre de 2005.

García-Amorena, I. & Rubiales, J.M., 2004. Palaeobotany contribution to the Holocene vegetal evolution knowledge of the Cantabrian coast (Spain). International Symposium on Wood Sciences. IAWA. (Montpellier, Francia). Octubre 2004.

Rubiales, J.M. & Garcia-Amorena, I. 2004. A contribution by means of charcoal analysis to the late Holocene vegetal landscapes of the southwest Iberian Peninsula. International Symposium on Wood Sciences. IAWA. (Montpellier, Francia). Octubre 2004.

Recent research projects

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